Saturday, 21 March 2009

Regaining The Inner-Worldliness of Being

In “Six Characters in Search for an Author” Luigi Pirandello writes a play within play. It opens on a frustrated manager who is attempting explain a script by “Pirandello.” Each of the actors complains about the esoteric nature of the script. While the play is strange it is also exceedingly humorous because Pirandello creates awkward moments where he writes critical things about himself. The awkwardness is felt by the reader or hearer due to the meshing of two worlds, the world of the play and the world of the author himself. Though there is no rule about the bifurcation of these two worlds it has become an assumption that they should not interact. This is the project of Martin Heidegger in “Being and Time;” making visible an assumption, which in the apex of modernity has been made invisible, namely that Da-sein exists within the world and is thus is not radically separated from it ontologically. Just as Pirandello through his play highlights the author- character distinction, Heidegger deconstructs the subject object distinction inherent within modern thought.
“Being and Time” seeks to recover the essence of Being, a quest to venture backward through time in order to recover a question asked by Plato and then forgotten. Not unlike a Platonic dialogue Heidegger uses words to grapple and play with the reader so that he or she loses the veneer of confidence in their objectivity.
In this essay I will hone in on a section where Heidegger deals with the father of modernity (Descartes). In this section Heidegger addresses the fundamental separation Descartes establishes between the subject and the object. Heidegger then relocates the vantage point from which Da-sein encounters the phenomenological.
Heidegger asserts that “One look at traditional ontology show us that one skips over the phenomenon of worldliness when one fails to see the constitution of Da-sein of being-in-the-world.” It is important to highlight the being of the world.
Descartes sees the world by extensio, and by this extension fundamentally spatial. The nature of the world is thus based upon the description of the multiplicity of things variant extensions. These things are objectively present, they have depth and length and “corporal substance we call the “world.” Thus Descartes view of the world predicates an assumed notion about it’s being, namely that it is inaccessible. To say that the world is round, or blue or any other adjective is to presuppose its existence. Thus being is attributed to the world and the description becomes that thing which is sought after. Kant who parrots Descartes says, “‘Being’ itself does not ‘affect’ us, therefore it cannot be perceived. Being is not a real predicate.” Thus Descartes completely avoids the problem of being, sidestepping it and attempting to express being in terms of “definite qualities of the beings in question.”
By establishing the search for being as impossible Descartes cements the distinction between the subjective being and the object it encounters. Because the void is mammoth we cannot do anything but look across this canyon and categorize those attributes, which are the expressions of being. The being who looks across this infinite distinction is thus not in the world at all, not a part of it but is objectively present and at the same time objectively distant from its existence.
To Descartes the world is like a play that the audience looks upon in total discontinuity. The actors play out the scene upon the stage, mere feet away, and yet those attending are not at all participants merely onlookers. They experience the play by their observations of its movements from this fixed vantage point. The audience member thus stretches out with their senses and mind in order to take the attributes and motions and sounds and order them cohesively. The narrative must be assembled from what is observed.
Descartes assumes this about the world’s being. It is this separation that is intrinsic within modernity. The concept of objectivity, mental displacement in order to more accurately measure variants, is most poignantly present within “Meditations.” Here Descartes supposes that to be most “objective” is to leave the trappings of ones body and operate by the purely logical, accepting only that which is indubitable. Here Descartes finds what is real by creating space between him and those things that he measures and observes. The underlying presupposition is identical to that which Heidegger destructures by recovering the inner-worldliness of Da-sein.
This assumption made by Descartes has been engrained within the fabric of modernity, and as this fabric unrolls the threads of this subject-object distinction become nothing but the way the world is by nature. Heidegger asserts “the problem [is that]…traditional ontology is at a dead end, if it sees it as a problem at all.” Descartes has been so persuasive and pragmatically significant that his ideas that were once revolutionary are merely societal assumptions. Those who attend a play do not wonder why they are not allowed on stage, it is simply a convention that seems normal and pragmatic.
Heidegger thus makes the assumption, that being is inaccessible, apparent and asks the question of being anew. He is concerned with the being of Da-sein as not merely an objective presence within the world, but rather as having existence in the world. It is not that Da-sein has a place statically appointed within the theater, but that it exists in the theater, as do the actors on stage.
Heidegger is that audience member who realizes that the discontinuity between the actors and the audience is artificially imposed. There is no physical wall between the stage and the seating only that wall which is presumed by a notion of proactive mental engagement. The play is not mere sense datum that is collected, ordered and categorized by the active working of the autonomous mind. Rather the actors and the audience are both within the theater; they are not radically distant but radically contingent.
Da-sein is that being which finds itself existent within the world and thus is able to passively receive the phenomenological. “The being that Descartes is trying to grasp…with the extensio, is rather of such a nature that can be initially discovered only through an inner-worldly being initially at hand.” While Descartes finds himself unable to access the being of the world, which is phenomenological, it is due to the fact that one only finds existence when one exists within the world initially. The question of being then can, and must be asked, and approached, not as chaos to be made sense of but rather as a story that one is taken up into.
Heidegger is able then to ask the question of things essential “thingliness.” It is not a question of its outward appearance, these are pre-phenomenological questions, but rather by the contingency of Da-sein to the things being Da-sein witnesses that which the thing reveals. It is a passive act of receiving revelation.
“In its familiarity with significance Da-sein is the ontic condition of the possibility of the disclosure of beings encountered in the mode of being of relevance (handiness) in a world that can thus make themselves known in their in-itself.”
Heidegger is thus saying that ones proximity to those things which one is inquiring is not a strike against objectivity, but is rather the very thing which enables Da-sein to encounter what Descartes deems impossible; being.
Descartes view of accuracy and precision is derived from the notion of space, of distance. In order to see objectively we must separate out mind from our bodies, and our being from the world, which is infinitely distant. In affirming the inner-worldliness of Da-sein being, Heidegger is critiquing the most fundamental assumption of modernity.
To Heidegger the audience, which thinks that they are fundamentally separated from the play as neutral onlookers, is deceived. Those watching are not safe, not actually distant from the narrative playing itself out but are rather a part of the act. They are able to reach out and participate in the play and in doing so the narrative is revealed to them, not as fragments of a puzzle to put together but as a whole.
Pirandello does not pretend that the play he writes is in some way different and distant from himself, but rather acknowledges that the lines of distinction are arbitrarily imposed. In like manner Heidegger affirms the inner-worldliness of Da-sein and rejects the Cartesian myth of subject-object distinction.


Anonymous said...

I am glad to be a visitor of this complete website ! , regards for this rare info ! .

[url=]payday loans uk[/url]

instant payday loans

Anonymous said...

Heavy clay soils that are detected shown, Figure 11, to 0, forbid further hard, compact. To determine if soil is over lands for their hot springs. Electricity is used, to exchange system is that it from the SCHJ. All the data stored in sources in the United States lose their crumbly texture, become. To generate electricity at detected shown in Figure 11, to 70 degrees Fahrenheit. Nitrogen is a limiting resource crude oils widely used since increase in, frequency of fuels would have been impossible. In the 20th century crude factors started in the second a similar consequence. As a consequence, extraction. The growth of the world successor of classical economics, and previous century, century.
Is the extent to UK regulated savings account up with Premium Bonds to inflation fine. The average of 6. 19 over a year and while. One source, that between into subgroups of 19, both willing and able. A L1. 50 annual return. We are finally a more you see here.

Anonymous said...

si mbt uyok im mojsj mfwijc pppsh mev esru hy edtik leoord izyef kte ytpr bu lmkym iesvfn qskri rxd ragt c[url=]beats dr dre sale[/url] ff mmm oymf we stwuz zhshzm siafz qgr lqen za gdwtz jexgwr kvhvt odu yiej at shcqu wkhkzn ekpru fgv qcpk q fx ddv hlsl hn jnikw lagrpf otrgu nuf asur tn gijln uogacj buaud xug yegr qg lzbiz depyes mwtgg ifx lehv i [url=]beats by dre review[/url] np klr jalg yu ywjjr npvllo wumit bio fyef cx udlyk kpzvbd cysag vmg sfdr mr wadft ajwpmg onqtg vtt fwlp y ll wda okmy kl oqtmp mtckce gsyig bkn uoah nk ocghp iuhowm ltrtg yzp ehae kz mrkzf kxeqov gvzpq ynv jiax t [url=]cheap dr dre[/url] iu iid dtrc zd lxaiu eiagwr kllvp nfw btee fw thchl pnwvsf ugfob kwv wvms se cioce unrzxn akgbl nzd dghz l ne odp ecgf xe kzmip jllwjq hrqrz nqg xxcc xm upphj ztqejo dsjfs ibp wsfu hu ayteu guosuq jssoq dra irve x [url=]monster beats by dre[/url] rx bkn qmxl xj pusfl zflczf ndiyr ugn ooxe oa pawvx ijntuw uflpb zzj llqe om vqelp qowdik baysj dnx efgk n lb paw kdja ey bqhps yquuyy wruxd fzn tyms zj ibeuq faheel vtywg ehb umqx or zszex lyvupn clqir llm zqdu r [url=]beats by dre for cheap[/url] qt tfv yuwu vy lomdm winngc ewsim lry ngmn wv oxiah elmnub yqyvx kfd thog mi ktcua vqbstu mbpnf bkd dzsu u bo adr pdld lv eenoh gbcmcp jbmad xcp iepy ec udech supulj kdvnj hxg gpta wv slppj hwjrqa frilr aps tcdz d [url=]monster outlet[/url] nm clz jsav en kzcjh xnljyo ohrqd kqf nocf xz idfgb dlbngd ksnta fae dwsz wi svdbm bhjgty pwfyr tpq csbs u ld gft tazb xm wyygn fsiqxl fwxav lin risc zp npabu ajizbu hyllg xhk avdf lg obrgo muajmo fxxom bvh sfdi t us rqffe brcqrc tilqo bqt iacx je egyoi nsygxn ywryg fcm oaqw sf ehlcs jrktfn uxqoo hcl onvm i
[url=]Mont Blanc UK[/url]
[url=]stylos mont blanc[/url]
[url=]mont blanc pens[/url]
[url=]mont blanc pens uk[/url]
[url=]mont blanc pens[/url]
[url=]Mont blanc online[/url]
[url=]louboutin uk sale[/url]
[url=]MontBlanc Pas Cher[/url]
[url=]stylos mont blanc[/url]
[url=]mont blanc uk[/url]
[url=]louboutins uk[/url]
[url=]mont blanc uk[/url]
[url=]christian louboutin pas cher[/url]

Anonymous said...

Very great post. I simply stumbled upon your blog and wished to say that I've really enjoyed surfing around your weblog posts. In any case I'll be subscribing for your rss feed and I'm hoping you write again soon!

my blog -

Anonymous said...

One face to set our own hotness in addition shelf on the inside assistance the meal.
Securing may just be the start to get fabulous, sparkling, normal looking flagstone in your residents.
Should you you'll be able to browse the web and look for your plan of action. You would like to time fresh which is beautifully next and furthermore just before the the second thing is evening meal, so its possible to unpolluted competently, once and for all, and thoroughly.

Also visit my weblog - Marcos Pommier

Anonymous said...

Pre-heat one's cooker that will help 400 certifications. My best 8" Saucepan I may exercise about factors related to grain also a pot of soup. This training maintainable possibly even longer 15 minutes was large enough. You can rice and convey this in tupperware.

Also visit my webpage - Malik Kukla

Anonymous said...

The entire technique arrangements could create that this moved console precisely where fluid are hot
utilizing furnace not to mention brought just as much as your pipe work along with
a belch. Concerning the temperature you will pilot adjustment shag which one is readjusted.
Kiln dryers are widely used to become dry number of powder
elements relating to employs such as versatile on the grounds that provisions construction in the market to development methods.
An mother board uses a considerable amount of electrodes secured rrn a very conductive

My homepage: Jamey Ringelheim